Seasonal Vegetable Planting & Harvesting
Wanting to know when the best time is to get started on your vegetable garden? Read below to find out what vegetable is the best for each season! From fall leafy greens to spring melons, or year-round tomatoes! We got the answers for you!
The most important thing to know before starting your vegetable garden is to research your planting zone ! All planting times vary around frost dates so make sure you know your zones! Planting vegetables in their right season will greatly enhance your harvest. Most vegetables belong to one of two seasonal groups: cool-season crops and warm-season crops. The planting date for each vegetable depends upon the weather that the vegetable can best tolerate. Cool-season vegetables grow best in early spring or in late summer and autumn when the weather is cooler. Warm-season vegetables grow best during the late spring, summer, and early autumn when the weather is warm.
Choosing Your Harvest...
Fall Planting > Spring Harvest
- Onion & Spring Onions
- Leafy Greens (Lettuce, Radicchio, collard greens, kale)
- Broccoli and Cauliflower
Spring/Summer Planting > Fall Harvest
- Honey Dew
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Vegetable in the Right Season...
Hardy Vegetables Include:
Cool-season vegetables should be planted so that they mature either in the spring or early summer before the heat of summer or later in autumn as the weather begins to cool. Cool-weather vegetables require a minimum planting temperature of 40-50°F (5-10°C), and they grow best when the temperature highs are in the range of 70-75°F (21-24°C).Cool weather crops usually stop producing when daytime temperatures reach 80ºF (26°C). or higher. Cool-season vegetables that can tolerate frost and or short freezes are classified as hardy and half-hardy according to their tolerance. Hardy vegetables can be planted two to four weeks before the last frost in spring. Their seeds will germinate in cold soil and their seedlings can endure short freezes
Half-hardy cool-weather vegetables
Half-hardy cool-weather vegetables are able to tolerate light freezes, just a few hours of freezing weather or frost. Half-hardy crops should be planted about the date of the last spring frost. If they are planted too soon, they will not survive extended freezing weather
Half-Hardy Vegetables Include:
Tender Vegetables Include:
-New Zealand spinach
Warm-season vegetables require a minimum soil planting temperature of 50°F (10°C). The optimal soil planting temperature for warm-season crops is 60°F (16°C). Warm-season crops do best when the air and soil temperatures reach 65-86° (18-30°C). Most warm-season vegetables require at least 75°F (24°C) for minimum growth.
Warm-season crops can be classified as tender and very tender. Tender vegetables are best planted one to two weeks after the last frost. Very tender vegetables are best planted at least three weeks after the last frost.
Many warm-season vegetables can be grown out of their season if they are protected from temperatures below 50ºF (10ºC). You can use cold frames, row covers, cloches or other season-extending devices to grow warm-season vegetables out of season.
Very Tender Vegetables Include:
Starting Your Garden...
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