Beans, Cowpea, Black Eye
Beans, California Black Eyed Cowpea
Heirloom. Organic. An old standard variety; vigorous, high-yielding vines. Thomas Jefferson grew Blackeye Peas in the 1770’s. Originating in Africa, Cowpeas are easy to grow and are very popular in the South. A very ancient crop. Delicious flavor, either fresh or dried. Pods are 6" to 8" long, well-filled with large seeds with delicious flavor, either fresh or dried. Vigorous, productive vines are resistant to wilt and nematodes. Blackeye peas, like other beans, require warm days and warm nights to develop properly. Cultivate or mulch to control weeds. For fresh use, pick pods as soon as well-filled out with seeds. Use it fresh and store it as a dry bean. Technically a bean, Southern cowpea or black-eyed pea grows in conditions similar to, or slightly warmer and more humid than snap beans (unlike real peas). Very high in protein (20%), low in fat, and high in Vitamin B1. Plants are upright and semi-spreading with 6" - 12" pods produced at the top (crown) of the plant. Southern home garden favorite variety.
Planting California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans
While starting seeds of the California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans is not necessarily difficult, the right conditions will make the process successful. Sow California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans seeds directly in the ground in the spring when the threat of frost has passed or start in containers several weeks before transplanting into soil. Keep the ground moist but not wet for the first couple of weeks. Pick a sunny, well-drained spot for planting for the best performance. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans are splendid for growing up fences or a cage. They will rapidly cover cages or can be made into their own garden feature with stakes and twine. They don't have to grow up. They're just as effective as trailers from hanging baskets and window boxes. California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans plants need regular watering. Height: 16-18 inches tall and 1 foot wide Days to harvest—80 Days
Spacing: 12-18" inches Depth: 1 inch Germination: 15-20 days
Starting from Seed Indoors
Generally, the time to start your seeds is about 6- 8 weeks before the last expected spring frost date in your area, planting the seedlings outdoors about 2 weeks after that date. Another way to figure is to plan on setting out sturdy seedlings in the garden when night temperatures stay in the mid-50 degree range both day and night. Count back and sow seeds 6 to 8 weeks before that date normally arrives. Place a few seeds (5 to 10) into each pot and push them into the soil with your finger. Cover the seeds to a depth of approximately 1 inches of the potting mix. Mist each pot with water until the soil appears moist. Place the pots in an area which will provide both light (which is required for germination) and heat, preferably about 65 to 70 degrees F and at least 8 hours of light each day. Check on the seeds every day and keep the seeds damp but not drenched by misting with your plant mister. You should see sprouting in about 15 to 20 days. Once your seedlings have reached about 4 to 6 inches in height, choose an area in your garden to transfer them. You can also use containers like barrels or clay pots. Dig holes twice the width and depth of each of your pots. Fill up each hole with water then let it drain off. Place a pot in the hole center and level so that your seedling is at the same level as the surrounding soil. Push dirt in carefully all the way to fill the hole back up. Water each seedling carefully so as not to soak the leaves or stem.
Direct-seeding into the Garden
Turn over the area you've selected to a depth of approximately 1 inches. Rake the area until it's level and smooth. Water the area until the soil is damp but not saturated. Scatter the seeds in the area. Gently rake the area to distribute the seeds further and protect them from birds. Or, press the seeds into the soil and cover with no more than 1 inches of soil. You can also place 2 to 3 seeds every 3 to 4 inches in rows approximately 12-18 inches apart, and cover seeds with 1 inches of soil. Place planting stakes around the area so you will know where to water. Check on your seeds about once a day. Make sure to mist the soil whenever it appears dry. Germination for California Black Eyed Cowpea Beans plants is approximately 15 to 20 days, depending on the warmth of the soil.
Growing plants from seeds successfully depends on a lot of factors and this makes it impossible to guarantee success on every batch of seeds planted. Factors include, soil composition, PH, temperature, moisture levels, seed depth, soil density, seed viability, seed storage and many others. We tested the germination of all our seeds and this seed variety is around 80%, but your results may vary based on exactly how you plant and all the environmental factors. Good luck.