Beans, Top crop
Beans, Top Crop Bush
Heirloom. Organic. This variety was released by the USDA, Beltsville, Maryland in 1950 and was an "All-America Selection®" winner in the same year. Very disease resistant, strong upright plants reaching twenty four inches tall. Pods are six to seven inches long, round and stringless. Top Crop Bush beans do well in almost any garden as they are not too fussy about soil. To ensure the best flavor, Top Crop Bush beans should be picked while still slender and no inner bean is well developed. For fresh Top Crop Bush beans all summer, plant every two weeks and pick frequently. Top Crop Bush beans, also called snap beans because they "snap" when ripe, are by far the most popular homegrown beans. They're easy to plant, they don't need any time consuming staking, trellising, or poling because they grow on compact, sturdy plants, they grow well even in poor soil, and have ready-to-eat pods in only seven or eight weeks. They used to be called "string" beans because of the fibrous string that ran the length of the pods, but now with improved varieties, they are really "stringless " beans! The reason most gardeners prefer growing Top Crop Bush beans to pole beans is because although they take up more space, they require less work planting, staking, weeding and watering, and Top Crop Bush beans produce most of their crop all at once.
Planting Top Crop Bush Beans While starting seeds of the Top Crop Bush Beans is not necessarily difficult, the right conditions will make the process successful. Sow Top Crop Bush Beans seeds directly in the ground in the spring when the threat of frost has passed or start in containers several weeks before transplanting into soil. Keep the ground moist but not wet for the first couple of weeks. Pick a sunny, well-drained spot for planting for the best performance. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. Top Crop Bush Beans are splendid for growing up fences or a cage. They will rapidly cover cages or can be made into their own garden feature with stakes and twine. They don't have to grow up. They're just as effective as trailers from hanging baskets and window boxes. Top Crop Bush Beans plants need regular watering. Height: 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide Days to harvest—49 to 56 Days
Spacing: 12-18" inches Depth: 1/2 inch Germination: 5-10 days
Starting from Seed Indoors
Generally, the time to start your seeds is about 6- 8 weeks before the last expected spring frost date in your area, planting the seedlings outdoors about 2 weeks after that date. Another way to figure is to plan on setting out sturdy seedlings in the garden when night temperatures stay in the mid-50 degree range both day and night. Count back and sow seeds 6 to 8 weeks before that date normally arrives. Place a few seeds (5 to 10) into each pot and push them into the soil with your finger. Cover the seeds to a depth of approximately 1/2 inches of the potting mix. Mist each pot with water until the soil appears moist. Place the pots in an area which will provide both light (which is required for germination) and heat, preferably about 65 to 70 degrees F and at least 8 hours of light each day. Check on the seeds every day and keep the seeds damp but not drenched by misting with your plant mister. You should see sprouting in about 5 to 10 days. Once your seedlings have reached about 4 to 6 inches in height, choose an area in your garden to transfer them. You can also use containers like barrels or clay pots. Dig holes twice the width and depth of each of your pots. Fill up each hole with water then let it drain off. Place a pot in the hole center and level so that your seedling is at the same level as the surrounding soil. Push dirt in carefully all the way to fill the hole back up. Water each seedling carefully so as not to soak the leaves or stem.
Direct-seeding into the Garden
Turn over the area you've selected to a depth of approximately 1/2 inches. Rake the area until it's level and smooth. Water the area until the soil is damp but not saturated. Scatter the seeds in the area. Gently rake the area to distribute the seeds further and protect them from birds. Or, press the seeds into the soil and cover with no more than 1/2 inches of soil. You can also place 2 to 3 seeds every 3 to 4 inches in rows approximately 12-18 inches apart, and cover seeds with 1/2 inches of soil. Place planting stakes around the area so you will know where to water. Check on your seeds about once a day. Make sure to mist the soil whenever it appears dry. Germination for Top Crop Bush Beans plants is approximately 5 to 10 days, depending on the warmth of the soil.
Growing plants from seeds successfully depends on a lot of factors and this makes it impossible to guarantee success on every batch of seeds planted. Factors include, soil composition, PH, temperature, moisture levels, seed depth, soil density, seed viability, seed storage and many others. We tested the germination of all our seeds and this seed variety is around 80%, but your results may vary based on exactly how you plant and all the environmental factors. Good luck.