Lettuce, Endive Broadleaf Batavian
Broadleaf Batavian Endive
Heirloom. Orgainic. Also called escarole, Batavian endive's large, broad, slightly twisted, lettuce-like leaves form round, tight-packed heads. They are well-blanched, with creamy-white deep hearts, and a bulky texture. The leaves are slightly bitter. Endive is delicious raw in salads, braised or steamed. This lettuce like plant has a sharper flavor with creamy center leaves forming a delicious mild flavored heart. Although it can be grown as a spring crop, it is ideal for fall harvesting. (It is ideal for late crops which can be harvested into the winter, as it is very cold hardy.) 12-16 inch, tightly packed heads. Approximately 80 days to maturity.
Planting Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce
While starting seeds of the Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce is not necessarily difficult, the right conditions will make the process successful. Sow Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce seeds directly in the ground in the spring when the threat of frost has passed or start in containers several weeks before transplanting into soil. Keep the ground moist but not wet for the first couple of weeks. Pick a sunny, well-drained spot for planting for the best performance. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. Heirloom / Open Pollinated Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce are cool weather loving plants that prefer well drained loose soil and an even amount of water. Plant heirloom Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce in rows or hills but make sure the soil is well warmed. In cooler climates, you can start Lettuce seeds indoors 2-4 wks. before last frost to extend the growing season. Plant seeds 1/4" deep. Plant seeds or set out heirloom Broadleaf Batavian Endive Lettuce transplants in full sun. For rows plant 12-18" apart, in rows 16-18' apart. For hills plant 4-6 seeds per hill, in 1' diameter hills. Germination should occur in 5-10 days in soil 70-85°F. Height: 12-16 inch groupings Spacing: 16-18" inches, 12 inches between rows Depth: 1/4 inch Germination: 5-10 days
Starting from Seed Indoors
Generally, the time to start your seeds is about 6-8 weeks before the last expected spring frost date in your area, planting the seedlings outdoors about 2 weeks after that date. Another way to figure is to plan on setting out sturdy seedlings in the garden when night temperatures stay in the mid-50 degree range both day and night. Count back and sow seeds 6 to 8 weeks before that date normally arrives. Place a few seeds (5 to 10) into each pot and push them into the soil with your finger. Cover the seeds to a depth of approximately 1/2 inches of the potting mix. Mist each pot with water until the soil appears moist. Place the pots in an area which will provide both light (which is requiPrizehead for germination) and heat, preferably about 65 to 70 degrees F and at least 8 hours of light each day. Check on the seeds every day and keep the seeds damp but not drenched by misting with your plant mister. You should see sprouting in about 5 to 10 days. Once your seedlings have reached about 4 to 6 inches in height, choose an area in your garden to transfer them. You can also use containers like barrels or clay pots. Dig holes twice the width and depth of each of your pots. Fill up each hole with water then let it drain off. Place a pot in the hole center and level so that your seedling is at the same level as the surrounding soil. Push dirt in carefully all the way to fill the hole back up. Water each seedling carefully so as not to soak the leaves or stem.
Direct-seeding into the Garden
Turn over the area you've selected to a depth of approximately 1/2 inches. Rake the area until it's level and smooth. Water the area until the soil is damp but not saturated. Scatter the seeds in the area. Gently rake the area to distribute the seeds further and protect them from birds. Or, press the seeds into the soil and cover with no more than 1/4 inches of soil. You can also place 2 to 3 seeds every 6 to 8 inches in rows approximately 8-12 inches apart, and cover seeds with 1/4 inches of soil. Place planting stakes around the area so you will know where to water. Check on your seeds about once a day. Make sure to mist the soil whenever it appears dry. Germination for the Lettuce plants is approximately 5 to 10 days, depending on the warmth of the soil.
Growing plants from seeds successfully depends on a lot of factors and this makes it impossible to guarantee success on every batch of seeds planted. Factors include, soil composition, PH, temperature, moisture levels, seed depth, soil density, seed viability, seed storage and many others. We tested the germination of all our seeds and this seed variety is around 80%, but your results may vary based on exactly how you plant and all the environmental factors. Good luck.